STAMINA TERMINOLOGY

Mutual understanding of key actors, such as first responders, medical experts, crisis managers, as well as other specialists such as epidemiologists involved in international crisis and disaster management encompassing pandemic management, is and has been a key challenge as currently seen in the management of the ongoing COVID-19 crisis. As already identified in other projects such as DRIVER+, barriers to understanding due to different cultural, organisational, and educational background are the main challenges of communication and information exchange in several activities such as border crossing cooperation. Therefore, STAMINA decided to establish an English project terminology of key terms and associated definitions in order to enhance a common understanding within the project team and to contribute to a shared understanding within Europe. The consortium worked together to define the basic version of the terminology as well as the process of continuous evolution of the STAMINA terminology.

A list of Acronyms and Abbreviations used within the project can be found here below.

THE RATIONALE BEHIND THE TERMINOLOGY

STAMINA took the terms and definitions of the already existing terminology from the initial project phase as a basis. The DRIVER+ project produced a similar terminology list and this was another starting point for STAMINA. The first step to establish the basic version was to assess if all terms of this initial list are still relevant for the current project context. Several terms were eliminated because they were not considered relevant anymore. 

A process of continuous updating of the terminology will take place throughout the project’s duration. In almost all cases when an update is requested, this results from the input of a STAMINA partner. In case all examined sources do not provide any or adequate definitions, additional sources can be examined, or self-defined definitions can be used.

In general, recognized and well accepted definitions are given priority compared to self-defined STAMINA definitions. However, sometimes available definitions are suited for the STAMINA purposes, but an additional comment to the definition is helpful in order to make the STAMINA context more specific.

On this basis, the STAMINA terminology is continuously updated. 

Process of generalization by reducing the information content of a concept or an observable phenomenon, typically in order to retain only information which is relevant for a particular purpose.

Source: https://www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

Diverging levels of access to technology, data, skills

Source: https://www.project-sherpa.eu/deliverables/

Citation: SHERPA D1.4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Making statistical claims about datasets relies on knowing where the data is coming from, accounting for weaknesses in the datasets (i.e. inaccuracies or missing labels), and looking out for biases – not just in the data, but also in the interpretation of the data.

Source: https://www.project-sherpa.eu/deliverables/

Citation: SHERPA D1.4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

A task that consumes time and resources and whose performance is necessary for a model or simulation to move from one event to the next.

Source: www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

An actor specifies a role played by a user or any other system that interacts with the system under consideration

Source: www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: INSPIRE Glossary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

A computer system capable of autonomous action – of deciding for itself what they need to do to satisfy its design objectives, and capable of interacting with other agents.

Source: www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

Agent-based M&S uses a model representing agents and their interactions. An agent is “intelligent”, adaptive, autonomous, goal/self-directed, has the ability to learn, and can change its behaviors based on experience. Agent-based M&S draws characteristics from AI-based M&S and object-oriented M&S.

Source: www.acm-sigsim-mskr.org/glossary.htm

Citation: ACM SIGSIM

Work package: 5

A specific logical model representation intended for replication and use in computer simulation. Agent-based modeling is intended to depict an intrinsically cognitive and social representation that manifest themselves in the actions and characteristics of the agents that are influenced by the actions and characteristics of other real or modeled agents in a social system. [abbreviation (ABM)]

Source: www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

Agent-based simulation focuses on the implementation of agents and the sequence of actions and interactions of the agents over periods of time. Agent-based computer simulations are individual-based computational representations extensively related to the theme in complex systems, emergence, Monte Carlo Method, computational sociology, multi-agent systems, and evolutionary programming. [abbreviation(ABS)]

Source: www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

Data obtained by aggregation, as distinct from unit record data. The term “aggregate” is also used to mean the value of the specified set of transactions.

Source: Measuring the Non-Observed Economy: A Handbook, OECD, IMF, ILO, Interstate Statistical Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent States, 2002, Annex 2, Glossary.

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

It can declare a state of alarm in all or part of the national territory by the national government when there is a serious alteration of normality (natural disasters, health crisis, shortage of basic necessities, paralysis of essential public services).

Source: www.boe.es/legislacion/documentos/ConstitucionINGLES.pdf

Citation: Spanish Consitution

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

Service in which the patient’s condition requires medical transportation where the use of specialized medical skills and/or equipment is medically necessary and crucial to the safe transportation of the patient.

Source: www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=A&paged=2

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Specific DNA fragment produced by a DNA-amplification technology, such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).

Source: www.iso.org/standard/53822.html

Citation: ISO 13495:2013

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

The systematic, thoughtful, and rigorous employment of the scientific method to examine a problem, scenario, or issue in order to gain insights into relationships between constituent components, understand underlying principles, or answer a specific set of preidentified questions.

Source: www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

Anomaly detection is the process of finding outliers in a given dataset. Outliers are the data objects that stand out amongst other objects in the dataset and do not conform to the normal behavior in a dataset.

Source: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128147610000137

Work package: 5

Data containing only anonymised records.

Source: Statistics Netherlands, Statistics Canada, Germany FSO, University of Manchester, 2005, Glossary of Statistical Disclosure Control, incorporated in paper presented at Joint UNECE/Eurostat work session on statistical data confidentiality, Geneva, 9-11 October 2006

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

Where the data subject is not or no longer identifiable.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

The genetically-acquired capacity for bacteria to withstand antibiotic treatment.

Proposer: EXUS

Work package: 5

An asymptomatic patient is considered if the patient is a carrier of a disease or infection but does not experience symptoms.

Source: https://dtme.ranm.es/buscador.aspx?NIVEL_BUS=3&LEMA_BUS=asintomatico

Citation: Spanish Royal Academy in Medicine

Proposer: PVL

Work package: 2

A form of incidence that measures the proportion of persons in a population who experience an acute health event during a limited period (e.g., during an outbreak), calculated as the number of new cases of a health problem during an outbreak divided by the size of the population at the beginning of the period, usually expressed as a percentage or per 1,000 or 100,000 population.

Source: www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

1. A property or characteristic of one or more entities (e.g., color, weight, sex).

2. A property inherent in an entity or associated with that entity for database purposes.

3. A named characteristic of an object class or object instance.

Source: www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

Property of data or of resources being accessible and usable on demand by an authorized entity.

Source: www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:ts:27790:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.10

Citation: ISO/TS 27790:2009(en), 3.10

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Refers to the type of care that first-responders, healthcare providers and public safety professionals provide to anyone who is experiencing cardiac arrest, respiratory distress or an obstructed airway. It requires knowledge and skills in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), using automated external defibrillators (AED) and relieving airway obstructions in patients of every age.

Source:  www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=B

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

1) Duty of care

2) responsibility to support the hospital, colleagues, profession and society;

3) duty to act in the best interests of stakeholders; and 4) duty to be reasonably informed

Source: DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00041609

Citation: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL: perspective

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

The science of storing, retrieving and analysing large amounts of biological information. It is a highly interdisciplinary field involving many different types of specialists, including biologists, molecular life scientists, computer scientists and mathematicians.

Source: www.ebi.ac.uk/training/online/courses/bioinformatics-terrified/what-bioinformatics

Citation: Hogeweg, P. The Roots of Bioinformatics in Theoretical Biology. PLOS Computational Biology 7, e1002021 (2011)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

‘biometric data’ means personal data resulting from specific technical processing relating to the physical, physiological or behavioural characteristics of a natural person, which allow or confirm the unique identification of that natural person, such as facial images or dactyloscopic data.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

A combination of strengths, attributes and resources of individuals, communities, organizations or society to manage and reduce disaster risks and strengthen overall resilience. Capacity may encompass e.g. infrastructure, institutions, knowledge and skills, relationships and networks, leadership and management.

Source: https://www.undrr.org/terminology/capacity

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A person or animal that harbors the infectious agent for a disease and can transmit it to others, but does not demonstrate signs of the disease. A carrier can be asymptomatic (never indicate signs of the disease) or can display signs of the disease only during the incubation period, convalescence, or postconvalescence. The period of being a carrier can be short (a transient carrier) or long (a chronic carrier).

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

An instance of a particular disease, injury, or other health conditions that meets selected criteria. Using the term to describe the person rather than the health condition is discouraged.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

A set of standard criteria for deciding whether a person has a particular disease or health-related condition, by specifying clinical criteria and limitations on time, place, and person.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/data_stats/glossary.html

Citation: CDC/Epidemiology Glossary

Proposer: Haris Moschopoulos (NKUA)

Work package: 8

The proportion of persons with a particular condition (e.g., patients) who die from that condition. The denominator is the number of persons with the condition; the numerator is the number of cause-specific deaths among those persons.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

A guideline developed using a systematic method to help practitioners and patients make decisions about appropriate health care.
Note: The development of clinical guidelines may use technology assessment methods or be based on technology assessment reports.
Syn.: clinical practice guideline

Source: http://htaglossary.net/clinical-guideline

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

In general, at the European level, close contact will be considered to be any person who has been in the same place with a person infected by COVID-19, at a distance of less than 2 meters and for a total accumulated time of more than 15 minutes in 24 hours.

Source: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/documentos/COVID19_Estrategia_vigilancia_y_control_e_indicadores.pdf

Citation: Spanish Health Ministry

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

An illness due to a specific infectious agent or its toxic products that arises through transmission of that agent or its products from an infected person, animal, or inanimate source to a susceptible host, either directly or indirectly through an intermediate plant or animal host, vector, or the inanimate environment. [synonym: infectious disease]

Source: https://ccdm.aphapublications.org/doi/10.2105/CCDM.2745.156

Citation: CONTROL OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES MANUAL

Work package: 5

Group of associated organizations, individuals and groups sharing common interests
Note 1 to entry: Impacted communities are the groups of people and associated organizations affected by the provision of security services, projects or operations.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.42

Citation: ISO 22300:2018 (en) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

In the literature, community resilience is usually associated with social relationships and the activation of local resources that enable communities to cope with, counteract and anticipate unhealthy stressors (26,27). 1
The lattermay include social and economic stressors such us poverty, natural disasters, isolation and other unfavourable circumstances. Community assets such as level of solidarity and mutual trust among its members, quality of social networks and other salutogenic resources have proven to be protective and promoting factors to health and well-being (28).

Source: https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/351284/resilience-report-20171004-h1635.pdf

Citation: Who (World Health Organization)

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

A statement of the content and internal representations that are the user’s and developer’s combined concept of the model. Note: it includes logic and algorithms and explicitly recognises assumptions and limitations.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

Temporary imposed isolation to a population, a person or a group for health or safety reasons

Citation: Real Académia Española

Proposer: Jorge(PLV)

Work package: 2

Case that meets laboratory criteria.

Source: https://www.conprueba.es/sites/default/files/informes/2020-05/glosario-terminos-epidemiologicos.pdf

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Fulfilment of a requirement.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.45

Citation: ISO 22300:2018 (en) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Transmissible by direct or indirect contact with an infected person.

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/contagious

Citation: Merriam-Webster dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

In clinical trials, the situation that occurs when the members of the control group receive the experimental intervention or when the subjects in the experimental group do not receive the intervention.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/contamination

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

The conditions and circumstances in which an intervention is applied.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/context

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

A management tool or process to analyse disaster risks and establish arrangements in preparation of a crisis event to enable timely, effective and appropriate responses. Aim is to establish organized and coordinated courses of action, specifying roles and resources, information/communication processes and operational arrangements. Contingency Plans are based on various possible scenarios and form crucial part of overall preparedness.

Source: https://www.undrr.org/terminology/contingency-planning

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A mathematical or computational model whose output variables change in a continuous manner.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

The product of the quantity of a resource and the unit price of that resource.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/cost

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Compares costs and benefits, both of which are quantified in common monetary units.

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

A comparison of costs in monetary units with outcomes in quantitative non-monetary units, e.g., reduced mortality or morbidity.

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

A form of cost-effectiveness analysis that compares costs in monetary units with outcomes in terms of their utility, usually to the patient, measured, e.g., in QALYs.

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

The perception of an unpredictable event that threatens important expectancies of stakeholders and can seriously impact an organization’s performance and generate negative outcomes and crisis communication as “the collection, processing, and dissemination of information required to address a crisis situation.”

Source: Coombs, W.Timothy; Holladay, Sherry.J (2010). The Handbook of Crisis Communication. Malden:MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 20. ISBN 978-1444361902.

Work package: 5

In my opinion, the term “function” in this context is too vague. Function A serves the purpose B. I’m not sure on what is meant by this term so needs explaining.

Proposer: Charon van der Ham (CPLAN)

Work package: 2

Prokaryote-derived enzymatic genome editing systems, that have transformed the bio-scientists ability to manipulate, detect, image and annotate specific DNA and RNA sequences in living cells of diverse species. The ease of use and robustness of this technology have revolutionized genome editing for research ranging from fundamental science to translational medicine. In addition to targeting DNA, CRISPR–Cas-based RNA-targeting tools are being developed for research, medicine and diagnostics. Nuclease-inactive and RNA-targeting Cas proteins have been fused to a plethora of effector proteins to regulate gene expression, epigenetic modifications and chromatin interactions. Collectively, the new advances are considerably improving our understanding of biological processes and are propelling CRISPR–Cas-based tools towards clinical use in gene and cell therapies.

Source: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41580-019-0131-5

Citation: Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology volume 20, pages490–507(2019)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Patients who are very ill, and might have unstable vital signs outside the normal limits

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=C&paged=4

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Processing of personal data which takes place in the context of the activities of establishments in more than one Member State of a controller or processor in the Union where the controller or processor is established in more than one Member State; or processing of personal data which takes place in the context of the activities of a single establishment of a controller or processor in the Union but which substantially affects or is likely to substantially affect data subjects in more than one Member State.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Definition 1: Set of values of qualitative or quantitative variables Definition 2: Information before it is interpreted

Source: Definition 1: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:21378:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.1
Definition 2: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:15784:-1:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.6

Citation: Definition 1: ISO 21378:2019(en), 3.1
Definition 2: ISO 15784-1:2008(en), 3.6

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Expert assessment of physical environmental data to satisfy design or operational requirements.
Note 1 to entry: Data analysis can include verification with other data sources or physical process models.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:35106:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.9

Citation: ISO 35106:2017(en), 3.9

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Data collection is the process of gathering data.

Source: https://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=534

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

‘Data concerning health’ means personal data related to the physical or mental health of a natural person, including the provision of health care services, which reveal information about his or her health status.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

The natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which, alone or jointly with others, determines the purposes and means of the processing of personal data.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Formalized description of a data element and of the data structures in which its name and its words occur.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:2382:ed-1:v1:en:term:2121503

Citation: ISO-IEC-2382-17 * 1999 * * *; ISO/IEC 2382:2015(en), 2121503

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Adequate, relevant and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 5

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Management and converting of data from their raw state through to a required output.

Work package: 5

A natural or legal person, public authority, agency or other body which processes personal data on behalf of the controller.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Process designed to describe the processing, assess its necessity and proportionality and help manage the risks to the rights and freedoms of natural persons resulting from the processing of personal data by assessing them and determining the measures to address them.

Source: https://www.cnil.fr/sites/default/files/atoms/files/20171013_wp248_rev01_enpdf_4.pdf

Citation: CNIL

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Range of numeric digital values over which the data is specified.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:12640:-1:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.4

Citation: ISO 12640-1:1997(en), 3.4

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Any organized collection of data.

Source: https://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=543

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

A specific data set, metadata set, database or metadata repository from where data or metadata are available.

Source: https://stats.oecd.org/glossary/detail.asp?ID=7046

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

Means for storing information from which data is submitted for delivery, or into which data is put by the delivery authority.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:ts:20748:-3:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.7

Citation: ISO/IEC 13888-1:2009, 3.7]; ISO/IEC TS 20748-3:2020(en), 3.7

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Named set of values.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:10161:-1:ed-3:v1:en:term:3.2.1

Citation: ISO 10161-1:2014(en), 3.2.1

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

Any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identifier such as a name, an identification number, location data, an online identifier or to one or more factors specific to the physical, physiological, genetic, mental, economic, cultural or social identity of that natural person;

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: Genetic markers

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Personal data revealing racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs, or trade union membership, and the processing of genetic data, biometric data for the purpose of uniquely identifying a natural person, data concerning health or data concerning a natural person’s sex life or sexual orientation.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 9

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Collection of stored data regarding the process variables and processing procedures.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:iwa:33:-1:ed-1:v1:en:term:11.6.1.14

Citation: IEC 62270:2013

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

The number of deaths attributed to a particular disease, injury, or other health condition during a specified period, divided by the number of new cases of that disease, injury, or condition identified during the same period.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

The process of formulating a plan to gather the desired information from a simulation model at minimal cost and to enable the analyst to draw valid inferences.

Source: https://www.acm-sigsim-mskr.org/glossary.htm

Citation: ACM SIGSIM

Work package: 5

Lowest concentration or content of the target organism per defined amount of matrix that can be consistently detected under the experimental conditions specified in the method.

Source: https://www.iso.org/standard/36153.html

Citation: ISO 22174:2005

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

A simulation model that does not contain any probabilistic (or random) components.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

The determination of the nature of a disease by means of its signs and symptoms and the results of investigations.
Note: The establishment of a diagnosis also means ruling out other diseases and causal factors for the clinical manifestations.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/diagnosis

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

A paper dipstick implementing a lateral flow-based assay.

Source: https://www.fda.gov/media/139937/download

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

A unit of health care status that adjusts age-specific life expectancy by the loss of health and years of life due to disability from disease or injury. DALYs are often used to measure the global burden of disease.

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

Immediate assistance to maintain life, improve health and support the morale of the affected population.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=D

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A simulation that uses a discrete model where the dependent variables (i.e. state indicators) change discretely at points in time referred to as events. [abbreviation (DES)].

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

Discrimination occurs when individuals are profiled based on their online choices and behaviour, but also their gender, ethnicity and belonging to specific groups, affecting the type of information they are provided with, and/or how they become treated.

Source: https://www.project-sherpa.eu/deliverables/

Citation: SHERPA D1.4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Disease transmission is the means by which contagious, pathogenic microorganisms are spread from one person to another.

Source: https://www.encyclopedia.com/medicine/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/disease-transmission-0

Citation: Encyclopedia.com

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

A process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/guidelines/disinfection/introduction.html

Citation: CDC Introduction, Methods, Definition of Terms – Guideline for Disinfection and Sterilization in Healthcare Facilities (2008)

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Information dissemination conveyance of information to a general or specific audience.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:5127:ed-2:v1:en

Citation: ISO 5127:2017(en)

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Deoxyribonucleic acid, polymer of deoxyribonucleotides occurring in a double-stranded (dsDNA) or single-stranded (ssDNA) form.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22174:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO 22174:2005

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

A fluidic handling technology that enables precision control over dispensing and subsequent manipulation of droplets in the volume range of microliters to picoliters, on a micro-fabricated device. There are several different droplet actuation methods, all of which can generate external stimuli, to either actively or passively control the shape and positioning of fluidic droplets over patterned substrates.

Source: https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/14/12/23283

Citation: Kaler, K. V. I. S., & Prakash, R. (2014). Droplet Microfluidics for Chip-Based Diagnostics. Sensors, 14(12), 23283–23306.

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

“An integrated system of hazard monitoring, forecasting and prediction, disaster risk assessment, communication and preparedness activities systems and processes that enables individuals, communities, governments, businesses and others to take timely action to reduce disaster risks in advance of hazardous events.”

Source: https://www.undrr.org/terminology/early-warning-system

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Definition 1: measure of the utilization of resources to realize a given objective

Definition 2: resources expended in relation to the accuracy and completeness with which users achieve goals
[SOURCE: ISO 9241-11]
Note 1 to entry: Relevant resources can include time to complete the task (human resources), materials, or the financial cost of usage.

Definition 3: relationship between the result achieved and the resources used

Source:

Definition 1: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:5127:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.1.3.04.

Definition 2: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:25010:ed-1:v1:en.term:4.1.2.

Definition 3: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:9000:ed-4:v1:en.term:3.7.10.

Citation:

Definition 1: ISO 5127:2017(en) Information and documentation — Foundation and vocabulary

Definition 2: ISO/IEC 25010:2011(en) Systems and software engineering — Systems and software Quality Requirements and Evaluation (SQuaRE) — System and software quality models

Definition 3: ISO 9000:2015 (en) Quality management systems — Fundamentals and vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Use of digital technologies and telecommunications, such as computers, the Internet, and mobile devices, to facilitate health improvement and health care services.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=E

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Emergency medical services’ equivalent of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) as an individual’s official health document that is shared among multiple facilities and agencies.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=E&paged=2

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A comprehensive system which provides the arrangements of personnel, facilities, and equipment for the effective, coordinated, and timely delivery of health and adequate and specialized services to victims of sudden illness or injury. It is a system that provides emergency medical care. Once it is activated by an incident that causes serious illness or injury, the focus of EMS is emergency medical care of the patient(s). High-quality EMS is a major factor of quality in any healthcare system.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=E&paged=3

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Documents that describe how an organisation will address an emergency. They typically include components on mitigationor prevention, preparation, response management and recovery.

Source: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/handbook-simulation-exercises-eu-public-health-settings

Citation: Hanbook on simulation excersises in EU public health settings.

Proposer: Marilly Psomiadi (MoHGR)

Work package: 8

Any component in a system that requires explicit representation in a model. Entities possess attributes denoting specific properties.

Source: https://www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: DoD M&S Glossary

Work package: 5

A histogram that displays the course of an outbreak or epidemic by plotting the number of cases according to time of onset.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are defined as enzymes produced by certain bacteria that are able to hydrolyze extended spectrum cephalosporin. They are therefore effective against beta-lactam antibiotics such as ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime and oxyimino-monobactam.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24821872/#:~:text=Extended%20spectrum%20beta%2Dlactamases%20(ESBLs,%2C%20cefotaxime%20and%20oxyimino%2Dmonobactam

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a bacterium that is commonly found in the gut of humans and warm-blooded animals. Most strains of E. coli are harmless. Some strains however, such as Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), can cause severe foodborne disease which is mostly caused by improperly cooked cattle meat, unpasteurized dairy products and vegetables. STEC has also been isolated from bodies of water (such as ponds and streams), wells and water troughs, and has been found to survive for months in manure and water-trough sediments. Waterborne transmission has been reported, both from contaminated drinking-water and from recreational waters. Many other pathogenic E. coli types exist such as ETEC (enterotoxigenic E. coli) and UPEC (uropathogenic E. coli).

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/e-coli

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Impact that concerns or affects human rights and responsibilities, benefits and harms, justice and fairness, well-being and the social good.

Source: ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/EN/ResearchInnovation/CWA/CWA17214502.pdf

Citation: CWA Satori

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

the overall process of ethical impact identification, analysis and evaluation; a means of actioning social responsibility in research and innovation.

Source: ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/EN/ResearchInnovation/CWA/CWA17214502.pdf

Citation: CWA Satori

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Systematic process that compares the result of measurement to recognised criteria to determine the discrepancies between intended and actual performance

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.81

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Occurrence or change of a particular set of circumstances

Note 1 to entry: An event can be one or more occurrences, and can have several causes.

Note 2 to entry: An event can consist of something not happening.

Note 3 to entry: An event can sometimes be referred to as an incident (3.111) or “accident”.

Note 4 to entry: An event without consequences (3.46) can also be referred to as a “near miss”, “incident”, “near hit” or “close call”.

Note 5 to entry: The nature, likelihood (3.133), and consequence of an event cannot be fully knowable.

Note 6 to entry: Likelihood associated with the event can be determined.

Note 7 to entry: An event can consist of a non-occurrence of one or more circumstances.

Note 8 to entry: An event with a consequence is sometimes referred to as an incident.

[SOURCE: ISO/Guide 73:2009, 3.5.1.3, modified — Notes 5 to 8 to entry have been added.]

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.82

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Documentation (2) <collection> (3.6.1.05) of a transaction, such as a proof of a transaction that is part of the normal course of business, and which is inviolate and complete

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:5127:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.1.1.50

Citation: ISO 5127:2017(en) Information and documentation — Foundation and vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

The use of best evidence from scientific and medical research to make decisions about the care of individual patients.

Note 1: EBM utilises evidence from systematic reviews and systematically developed clinical guidelines and integrates it with individual clinical expertise and patients’ values.

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

Requires that research not disproportionately focus on the health needs of a limited class of people, but instead aims to address diverse health needs across different classes or groups.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27923072/

Citation: WHO

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

 

This term became popular, in 2016, when Donald Trump, President of the United States, considered that the news that was broadcast by mass media such as the New York Times and the Washington Post were fake news. From there, the concept became popular and nowadays it refers to everything that has to do with unverified, unverified news and with information in the form of hoaxes that, in addition, are expanded and viralized through the social networks.

Source: https://www.ucm.es/otri/noticias-las-fake-news-siempre-han-existido-pero-hoy-en-dia-se-han-visto-catapultadas-por-las-redes-sociales

Citation: Univerdidad Complutense de Madrid

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

Functional or nonfunctional distinguishing characteristic of a system

Note 1 to entry: Features are considered to add value for the user.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec-ieee:26515:ed-2:v1:en

Citation: ISO/ICE/IEEE 26515:2018(en)

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

An amount of money paid for a particular piece of work or for a particular right or service

Source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/fee

Citation: Cambridge Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

One form of full scale excersise, focusing on more specific capacities, such as for instance procedures for identifying microbiological agents or other sample-gathering and analysis routines.

Source: https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/handbook-simulation-exercises-eu-public-health-settings

Citation: Handbook on simulation excersises in EU public health settings

Proposer: Marilly Psomiadi (MoHGR)

Work package: 8

A first responder is a certified member of an authority that first responds to the scene of an emergency. First responders might be members of: fire and rescue departments, police departments, other law enforcement agencies, hazardous materials response teams, emergency medical services, and other organizations that have public safety responsibilities and who would respond to rescue and treat victims, and who would protect the public during an incident.

Source: DRIVER++

Work package: 3

A public health strategy to slow down the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus during the COVID-19 pandemic. The curve being flattened is the epidemic curve, a visual representation of the number of infected people needing health care over time. During an epidemic, a health care system can break down when the number of people infected exceeds the capability of the health care system’s ability to take care of them.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Foodborne pathogens are bacteria, viruses, parasites that can cause infectious or toxic foodborne illnesses through contaminated food or water. Foodborne diseases may lead to long-lasting disability and death. Examples of unsafe food include uncooked foods of animal origin, fruits and vegetables contaminated with faeces, and raw shellfish containing marine biotoxins.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/food-safety

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

The actual deployment of resources required for coordination and response in as realistic setting as possible without risking the safety of the public and staff. For example, this could involve setting up an emergency reatment centre and conducting triage of simulated patients.

Source:  https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/handbook-simulation-exercises-eu-public-health-settings

Citation: Handbook on simulation exercises in EU public health settings.

Proposer: Marilly Psomiadi (MoHGR)

Work package: 8

‘Genetic data’ means personal data relating to the inherited or acquired genetic characteristics of a natural person which give unique information about the physiology or the health of that natural person and which result, in particular, from an analysis of a biological sample from the natural person in question

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Genetic markers are DNA sequences with known physical locations on chromosomes. They are points of variation that can be used to identify individuals or species, or may be used to associate an inherited disease with a gene through genetic linkage with nearby but possibly unidentified or uncharacterised genes. Examples include single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and minisatellites.

Source: https://www.nature.com/subjects/genetic-markers

Citation: NATURE www.nature.com

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

A term defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity (1993) as any material of plant, animal, microbial or other origin containing functional units of heredity.

Source: https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/genetic+material

Citation: Medical Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

The study of genes and their functions, and related techniques. Genomics addresses all genes and their inter relationships in order to identify their combined influence on the growth and development of the organism.

Source: https://www.who.int/genomics/geneticsVSgenomics/en/

Citation: WHO

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

gRNA confers target sequence specificity to the CRISPR-Cas system. These gRNAs are non coding short RNA sequences which bind to the complementary target DNA sequences. Guide RNA first binds to the Cas enzyme and the gRNA sequence guides the complex via pairing to a specific location on the DNA, where Cas performs its endonuclease activity by cutting the target DNA strand.

Source: CRISPR-Cas12a target binding unleashes indiscriminate single-stranded DNase activity | Science (sciencemag.org). https://science.sciencemag.org/content/356/6336/438.full

Proposer: ERAMC

Work package: 6

A way to categorize tweets on a particular topic.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/socialmedia/tools/guidelines/guideforwriting.html

Citation: CDC

Work package: 5

Institution, building or agency, whether organized for profit or not, which provides facilities with medical services, nursing services, health screening services, other health‐related services, supervisory care services, personal care services or directed care services.

Source: DRIVER++

Work package: 3

Mobilization of health care information electronically across organizations within a region, community or hospital system.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=H

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A health or public health crisis is a serious, sudden, unusual or unexpected situation that, caused by a common health risk factor, causes disease in an unusually high number of individuals in a population simultaneously and an imbalance or deficit in the provision of the care chain -delay in the care process, impossibility of managing medical uncertainty or preparing a clinical judgment immediately, shortage of critical supplies, insufficient staff, damage to health due to overdiagnosis or hospital contagion- with the consequent increase in risk death of patients and that requires immediate action by public authorities.

Source: https://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crisis_sanitaria

Citation: Wikipedia

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

The level of health of a person, group or population, as assessed by the person himself/herself or through objective measures.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/health-status

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Health technology is defined by the World Health Organization as the “application of organized knowledge and skills in the form of devices, medicines, vaccines, procedures, and systems developed to solve a health problem and improve quality of lives”.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=H

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

The purpose is to inform decision-making in order to promote an equitable, efficient, and high-quality health system.

Source: https://www.inahta.org/

Citation: International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Work package: 6

Acronym: HTA A multidisciplinary process that uses explicit methods to determine the value of a health technology at different points in its lifecycle. The purpose is to inform decision-making in order to promote an equitable, efficient, and high-quality health system.

Note 1: Definition of health technology.

Note 2: The process is formal, systematic and transparent, and uses state-of-the-art methods to consider the best available evidence.

Note 3: The dimensions of value for a health technology may be assessed by examining the intended and unintended consequences of using a health technology compared to existing alternatives. These dimensions often include clinical effectiveness, safety, costs and economic implications, ethical, social, cultural and legal issues, organisational and environmental aspects, as well as wider implications for the patient, relatives, caregivers, and the population. The overall value may vary depending on the perspective taken, the stakeholders involved, and the decision context.

Note 4: HTA can be applied at different points in the lifecycle of a health technology, i.e., pre-market, during market approval, post-market, through to the disinvestment of a health technology.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/health-technology-assessment

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Patient outcome measures that extend beyond traditional measures of mortality and morbidity, to include such dimensions as physiology, function, social activity, cognition, emotion, sleep and rest, energy and vitality, health perception, and general life satisfaction. (Some of these are also known as health status, functional status, or quality of life measures.)

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

The number of years of perfect health that are considered equivalent to (i.e., have the same utility as) the remaining years of life in their respective health states.

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

A form of indirect protection from infectious disease that occurs when a sufficient percentage of a population has become immune to an infection, whether through vaccination or previous infections, thereby reducing the likelihood of infection for individuals who lack immunity.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Process of reviewing and analysing current literature, web sites, and other media to identify and describe noteworthy trends and their possible development and future

Source: ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/EN/ResearchInnovation/CWA/CWA17214502.pdf

Citation: CWA Satori

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

A person or other living organism that is susceptible to or harbors an infectious agent under natural conditions.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Human rights are rights inherent to all human beings, regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, or any other status. Human rights include the right to life and liberty, freedom from slavery and torture, freedom of opinion and expression, the right to work and education, and many more.  Everyone is entitled to these rights, without discrimination.

Source: https://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/human-rights/

Citation: UN

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

A foundational principles of humanitarian and crisis work that ensure suffering, dignity, life and health are not meat with indifference.

Source: https://shop.icrc.org/the-fundamental-principles-of-the-international-red-cross-and-red-crescent-movement-pdf-en

Citation: ICRC

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Hygienic masks are a complement to the measures of physical distancing and hygiene recommended by the Ministry of Health in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. They cover the mouth, nose and chin and are provided with a harness that surrounds the head or is attached to the ears. They are usually composed by one or more layers of textile material and can be reusable or single use.

Source: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/documentos/030520_GUIA_COMPRA_MASCARILLAS.pdf

Citation: Spanish Consumer Affairs

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

An unhealthy condition of body or mind.

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/illnesses

Citation: Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Work package: 6

Evaluated consequence (3.46) of a particular outcome.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.107

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

An evaluation of the effects of a health technology assessment report or of a health service or programme.

Source: http://htaglossary.net/impact-analysis

Citation: HTA Glossary, International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

A measure of the frequency with which new cases of illness, injury, or other health condition occurs among a population during a specified period.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

A measure of the frequency with which new cases of illness, injury, or other health condition occur, expressed explicitly per a time frame. Incidence rate is calculated as the number of new cases over a specified period divided either by the average population (usually mid-period) or by the cumulative person-time the population was at risk.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Depending on whether your assay is culture- or molecular-based, inclusivity can be defined as the percentage of target microbial or viral strains or DNA/RNA samples that give the correct positive result.

Source: http://atccmicrobiology.blogspot.com/2014/06/infectious-disease-assay-development.html

Citation: Infectious Disease Assay Development: Establishing Inclusivity/Exclusivity-ATCC

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

The time interval from exposure to an infectious agent to the onset of symptoms of an infectious disease.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

The ability of an infectious agent to cause infection, measured as the proportion of persons exposed to an infectious agent who become infected.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

A suptype of Influenza A virus, causing influenza(disease). Influenza A viruses, are a type of seasonal influenza viruses, and are further classified into subtypes according to the combinations of the hemagglutinin (HA) and the neuraminidase (NA), which are the proteins on the surface of the virus. At present the subtype A(H1N1) and A(H3N2) influenza viruses are circulating in humans. The A(H1N1) is also written as A(H1N1)pdm09 as it caused the pandemic in 2009 and subsequently replaced the seasonal influenza A(H1N1) virus which had circulated prior to 2009. Only influenza type A viruses are known to have caused pandemics. This new strain of the influenza A virus, namely A(H1N1)pdm09 initially began circulating in North America and was the result of regrouping of genes from human, avian and swine type influenza A viruses. After the completion of molecular studies, pH1N1 was linked to the term ‘swine flu’ since the viral strain was probably transmitted from pigs to humans, despite pigs not being involved in the worldwide spread of the virus during the pandemic.

Source: https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/influenza-(seasonal)

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

A proliferation of diverse, often unsubstantiated information relating to a crisis, controversy, or event, which disseminates rapidly and uncontrollably through news, online, and social media, and is regarded as intensifying public speculation or anxiety.

Source: https://oed.com/view/Entry/88407009

Work package: 5

Applying evidence-based interventions that bring understandable, localized evidence-based information to citizens and drive positive health-seeking behaviour.

Source: https://www.who.int/teams/risk-communication/infodemic-management

Work package: 5

Decision, written, dated and signed, to be a research participant, taken freely after being duly informed of its nature, significance, implications and risks of the research. Informed consent must be appropriately documented, by any person capable of giving consent or, where the person is not capable of giving consent, by his or her legal representative.

Source: ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/EN/ResearchInnovation/CWA/CWA17214502.pdf

Citation: CWA Satori

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

‘Consent’ of the data subject means any freely given, specific, informed and unambiguous indication of the data subject’s wishes by which he or she, by a statement or by a clear affirmative action, signifies agreement to the processing of personal data relating to him or her.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security of the personal data, including protection against unauthorised or unlawful processing and against accidental loss, destruction or damage, using appropriate technical or organisational measures.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 5

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

The action of becoming intentionally involved in a difficult situation, in order to improve it or prevent it from getting worse.

Source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/intervention

Citation: Cambridge Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Short time frame in which a set of software features is developed, leading to a working product that can be demonstrated to stakeholders Note 1 to entry: Different agile methodologies use different terms for an iteration. Note 2 to entry: Some agile methodologies are not based on iterations.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec-ieee:26515:ed-2:v1:en

Citation: ISO/ICE/IEEE 26515:2018(en)

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Fair treatment of all in a community, workplace, or society, including in situations where resources are limited;

Source: DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00041609

Citation: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL: perspective

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Predefined set of characters, without intervening spaces, forming a unique word that is used to identify the presence of a defined item of information

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/socialmedia/tools/guidelines/guideforwriting.html

Citation: CDC

Work package: 5

Facts, information and skills acquired through research, experience, reasoning or education on a specific topic as a set of declarative, hierarchical organization of such statements, and relationships between declarative statements, which serves as the underpinning of decision support systems.

Citation: ISO/TS 22756:2020(en) 3.9

Work package: 5

The time from exposure to a causal agent to onset of symptoms of a (usually noninfectious) disease.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Consent, contract, legal obligation, vital interest, public interest, legitimate interest

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 6

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Processed lawfully, fairly and in a transparent manner in relation to the data subject.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 6

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

An information system that may be based on outdated technologies, but is critical to day-to-day operations. Replacing legacy applications and systems with systems based on new and different technologies is one of the information systems (IS) professional’s most significant challenges. As enterprises upgrade or change their technologies, they must ensure compatibility with old systems and data formats that are still in use.

Source: https://www.gartner.com/en/information-technology/glossary/legacy-application-or-system

Citation: Gartner Glossary

Proposer: Carmen (PLV)

Work package: 2

A broad system of rules that governs and regulates decision making, agreements, laws etc.

Source: Legal framework meaning – Legal definition – TransLegal

Proposer: Marilly Psomiadi (MoHGR)

Work package: 2

A term defined by the NHS as the length of an inpatient episode of care, calculated from the day of admission to day of discharge, and based on the number of nights spent in hospital. Patients admitted and discharged on the same day have a length of stay of less than one day. [abbreviation (LoS)]

Source: https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/length+of+stay

Citation: Segen’s Medical Dictionary

Work package: 5

Temporary and generally imposed isolation of a population, a person or a group for health or safety reasons.

Source: https://dle.rae.es/confinamiento

Citation: Spanish Royal Academy

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

Products submitted for analysis, which might have differences in chemical composition and physical state

Source: https://www.iso.org/standard/36153.html

Citation: ISO 22174:2005

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

Virus in the paramyxovirus family, causing measles, a high contagious, serious disease. Normally passed to the host through direct contact and through the air. The virus infects the respiratory tract, then spreads throughout the body. Measles is a human disease and is not known to occur in animals.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/measles

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Metadata is data that defines and describes other data.

Source: “Information technology – Metadata registries – Part 1: Framework”, March 2005

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

A model of a model. Note: metamodels are abstractions of the modelling and simulation (M&S) being developed that use functional decomposition to show relationships, paths of data and algorithms, ordering, and interactions between model components and subcomponents.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

A person that travels to a different country or place, often in order to find work

Source: https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/migrant?q=migrants

Citation: Cambridge Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

It is false information that was not created with the intention of hurting others. Misinformation is often started by someone who genuinely wants to understand a topic and cares about keeping other people safe and well. It is then shared by others who feel the same.

Source: https://www.who.int/teams/risk-communication/infodemic-management

Work package: 5

As part of each deployment,all relative data and the time action was taken, must be included in the Deployment Report. This should ensure the traceability of the operation with all decisions and actions taken. Mission documentation / Information Management can be on paper or digitally and also contain image and video material.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=M&paged=3

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A physical, mathematical or otherwise logical representation of a system, entity, phenomenon, or process.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

1. A discipline that comprises of the development and/or use of models and simulations.

2. The use of models, including emulators, prototypes, simulators, and stimulators, either statically or over time, to develop data as a basis for making managerial or technical decisions. The terms “modeling” and “simulation” are often used interchangeably. [abbreviation (M&S)].

Source: https://www.acqnotes.com/Attachments/DoD%20M&S%20Glossary%201%20Oct%2011.pdf

Citation: Department of Defense, Modeling and Simulation (M&S) Glossary

Work package: 5

Authorities that provide a unified approach and common terminology to plan for all-threats and hazards and across all mission areas of Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response, and Recovery (for the purposes of STAMINA only healthcare threats and hazards are considered).

Source: STAMINA DOA

Work package: 3

National Reference Laboratories for Infectious diseases play a central role in detection, monitoring/surveillance, outbreak investigation and response for infectious diseases. The National Reference Laboratories are actively involved in the rapid diagnosis of common, (re-)emerging and imported infectious microorganisms, typing of infectious agents, molecular epidemiology and phylogenetic analysis of pathogens during outbreaks, epidemics and pandemics. The core activities of National Reference Laboratories are:

(I) to use state-of-the-art validated laboratory methods for their operation,

(II) to deliver accurate confirmation of diagnostic results,

(III) to perform surveillance and support outbreak investigation,

(IV)to develop and maintain a collection of relevant reference material. The National Reference Laboratories share the results of their studies with the Health Authorities and constitute a resource and coordination point for expertise within their specific area.

Source: https://www.pasteur.gr/en/national-reference-laboratories-of-infectious-diseases/

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Obligation to minimise risk to patients, other staff members, family, society and oneself; obligation to prevent further spread of disease

Source: https://www.who.int/health-topics/noncommunicable-diseases#tab=tab_1

Citation: WHO

Work package: 5

Obligation to minimise risk to patients, other staff members, family, society and oneself; obligation to prevent further spread of disease

Source: DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00041609

Citation: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL: perspective

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Detection of false or misleading information presented as news spread online. Fake News appears in different forms and the examples of their features are click bait, propaganda, satire or parody, sloppy journalism, misleading headings and biased or slanted news.

Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Detecting_fake_news_online

Work package: 5

Formal representation of phenomena of a universe of discourse with an underlying vocabulary including definitions and axioms that make the intended meaning explicit and describe phenomena and their interrelationships

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:19101:-1:ed-1:v1:en 

Legal right of possession, including the right of disposition, and sharing in all the risks and profits commensurate with the degree of ownership interest or shareholding, as demonstrated by an examination of the substance, rather than the form, of ownership arrangements

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:10845:-5:ed-1:v1:en:term:2.12

Citation: ISO 19101-1:2014(en)

Proposer: INTRA

Work package: 4

An epidemic occurring over a widespread area (multiple countries or continents) and usually affecting a substantial proportion of the population.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

The state of being worn out by recommended precautions and restrictions relating to a pandemic, often due to the length of the restrictions and lack of activities for one to engage in, resulting in boredom, depression, and other issues, thereby leading one to abandoning these precautions and risk catching the disease.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

The act or process of governing or overseeing the control and direction of something (such as a country or an organization).

Source: Governance | Definition of Governance by Merriam-Webster (merriam-webster.com)

Proposer: Marilly Psomiadi (MoHGR)

Work package: 2

Person or organization who performs a function related to an exercise

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.163

Citation: ISO 22300:2018(en) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Polymerase Chain Reaction, enzymatic procedure which allows in vitro amplification of DNA

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22174:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO 22174:2005

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

The perimeter closing is one of the measures that limit mobility and as its name indicates, it involves the closure of the perimeter, which can affect an entire country, a region, a municipality or a neighborhood or district.

Citation: Spanish Legislation

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

Model of a user with defined characteristics, based on research

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec-ieee:26515:ed-2:v1:en

Citation: ISO/ICE/IEEE 26515:2018(en)

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

‘processing’ means any operation or set of operations which is performed on personal data or on sets of personal data, whether or not by automated means, such as collection, recording, organisation, structuring, storage, adaptation or alteration, retrieval, consultation, use, disclosure by transmission, dissemination or otherwise making available, alignment or combination, restriction, erasure or destruction

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 4

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer’s body from injury or infection.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=P&paged=2

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A person skilled in the art of healing

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/physician

Citation: Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

The STAMINA toolset as well as the defined logic of integration, process logic, and decision logic.

Source: ISO/IEC 18384-2016

Work package: 3

Medical diagnostic testing performed at the time and place of patient care.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=P&paged=2

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Point‐of‐care testing (POCT) is defined as testing at or near the site of patient care, wherever that medical care is needed. The goal of POCT is to facilitate immediate evidence‐based medical decisions that improve patient outcomes and reduce patient acuity, criticality, morbidity, and mortality, especially during life‐threatening crises and emergency resuscitations. POCT is efficient and efficacious because it facilitates rapid diagnosis, faster treatment decisions, high‐quality trend monitoring, and patient and physician satisfaction.

Source: https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470027318.a0540.pub2

Citation: Kost, G.J., Tran, N.K. and Louie, R.F. (2008). Point‐of‐Care Testing: Principles, Practice, and Critical‐Emergency‐Disaster Medicine. In Encyclopedia of Analytical Chemistry (eds R.A. Meyers and R.A. Meyers).

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

The total number of inhabitants of a given area or country. In sampling, the population may refer to the units from which the sample is drawn, not necessarily the total population of people.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/data_stats/glossary.html

Citation: CDC/Epidemiology Glossary

Proposer: Haris Moschopoulos (NKUA)

Work package: 8

This type of masks are Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and are mainly recommended for use by professionals to create a barrier between a potential risk and the user. They may also be recommended for groups vulnerable by medical indication. The purpose of EPI masks is to filter the air inhaled avoiding the entry of polluting particles into Our organism. Depending on their filtration efficiency, they can be of three types: FFP1, FFP2, and FFP3. For their part, those with filters against particles they are divided into P1, P2 and P3. For protection against COVID-19, the use of EPI FFP2 masks

Source: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/documentos/030520_GUIA_COMPRA_MASCARILLAS.pdf

Citation: Spanish Consumer Affairs

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

The number or proportion of cases or events or attributes among a given population.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

The proportion of a population that has a particular disease, injury, other health condition, or attribute at a specified point in time (point prevalence) or during a specified period (period prevalence).

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Oligonucleotide of defined length and sequence complementary to a segment of an analytically relevant DNA sequence / labelled nucleic acid molecule with a defined sequence used to detect target DNA by hybridization

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22174:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO 22174:2005

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

Set of interrelated or interacting activities that use inputs to deliver an intended result

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.180

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Prognosis is the prediction of the probable outcome of an individual’s current medical condition. A prognosis is made on the basis of the normal course of a disease, the individual’s physical and psychological condition, and additional factors such as therapeutic approach.

Source: https://www.nature.com/subjects/prognosis

Citation: NATURE www.nature.com

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Whether treating the wounded or distributing food, members of the Movement must ensure that those in greatest need receive assistance first.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: ICRC

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

The balance between benefits and risks to the data subjects

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 35

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Where data which could be attributed to a natural person by the use of additional information.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Notification (3.150) and alert (3.4) messages disseminated as an incident response (3.115) measure to enable responders and people at risk (3.166) to take safety measures Note 1 to entry: Public warning can include information (3.116) to raise public awareness and understanding or to provide advisory or compulsory instructions.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.183

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Set of protocols, processes (3.180) and technologies based on the public warning (3.183)policy (3.171) to deliver notification (3.150) and alert (3.4) messages in a developing emergency (3.77) situation to people at risk (3.166) and to first responders

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.184

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n) Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Collected for specified, explicit and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner that is incompatible with those purposes; further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes or statistical purposes shall, in accordance with Article 89(1), not be considered to be incompatible with the initial purposes.

Source: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/eli/reg/2016/679/oj

Citation: GDPR Article 5

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

A unit of health care outcomes that adjusts gains (or losses) in years of life subsequent to a health care intervention by the quality of life during those years. QALYs can provide a common unit for comparing cost-utility across different interventions and health problems. Analogous units include disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and healthy-years equivalents (HYEs).

Source: https://www.nlm.nih.gov/nichsr/hta101/ta101013.html#QALY

Citation: National Library of Medicine

Work package: 6

separates and restricts the movement of people who were exposed to a contagious disease to see if they become sick.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/quarantine/index.html

Citation: CDC

Work package: 2

(Sometimes known as a rapid diagnostic test – RDT) detect viral proteins (known as antigens). Samples are collected from the nose and/or throat with a swab. These tests are cheaper than PCR and will offer results more quickly, although they are generally less accurate. These tests perform best when there is more virus circulating in the community and when sampled from an individual during the time they are most infectious.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

Testing based on simple/rapid tests designed for use where a preliminary screening test result is required. These tests are high quality, easy-to-use tests for use in resource poor settings. They are mainly based on agglutination, immuno-dot, immuno-chromatographic and/or immuno-filtration techniques. They are quick and easy to perform – 10 minutes to 2 hours – and require little or no additional equipment. They are designed for use with individual or a limited number of samples, which make them more economical than ELISAs in low throughput laboratories. They can be stored at room temperature for extended period of time. They facilitate timely treatment interventions.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/q-a-detail/simple-rapid-tests

Citation: WHO

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Document stating results achieved or providing evidence of activities performed.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.186

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n)
Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Relative risk is a ratio of the probability of an event occurring in the exposed group versus the probability of the event occurring in the non-exposed group.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK430824/#:~:text=Relative%20risk%20is%20a%20ratio,in%20the%20non%2Dexposed%20group

Work package: 5

Measurement precision under conditions of measurement that include different locations, operators, measuring systems, and replicate measurements on the same or similar objects.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:18113:-1:ed-1:v1:en:term:A.3.31

Citation: ISO 18113-1:2009

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

Asset, facility, equipment, material, product or waste that has potential value and can be used.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.193

Citation: ISO 22300:2018n)
Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Obligation to respect the autonomous decisions of stakeholders and their evaluations of risks and benefits.

Source: DOI: 10.1183/09031936.00041609

Citation: EUROPEAN RESPIRATORY JOURNAL: perspective

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Transparent, interactive process by which societal actors and innovators become mutually responsive to each other with a view to the acceptability, sustainability and societal desirability of the innovation process and its marketable products, in order to allow a proper embedding of scientific and technological advances in society.

Source: ftp://ftp.cencenelec.eu/EN/ResearchInnovation/CWA/CWA17214502.pdf

Citation: CWA Satori

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

Sharing another user’s tweets with followers.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/socialmedia/tools/guidelines/guideforwriting.html

Citation: CDC

Work package: 5

Ribonucleic acid, polymer of ribonucleotides occurring in a double-stranded or single-stranded form.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22174:ed-1:v1:en

Proposer: ERAMC

Work package: 6

Recombinase polymearse amplification.

Source: https://journals.plos.org/plosbiology/article?id=10.1371/journal.pbio.0040204

Proposer: ERAMC

Work package: 6

Method consisting of two reactions, a reverse transcription (RT) of RNA to DNA and a subsequent PCR.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22174:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO 22174:2005

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

A measure taken to increase or ensure safety or protection from danger.

Source: https://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/safety-measure

Citation: Collins Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

A sample is a subset of a frame where elements are selected based on a randomised process with a known probability of selection.

Source: http://www.unece.org/stats/publications/53metadaterminology.pdf

Citation: Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations (UNECE), “Terminology on Statistical Metadata”, Conference of European Statisticians Statistical Standards and Studies, No. 53, Geneva, 2001

Proposer: BYS Group

Work package: 4

“Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)”, named by International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses
(ICTV). It is genetically related to the coronavirus responsible for the SARS outbreak of 2003. While related, the two viruses are different. SARS-CoV-2 causes COVID-19 (disease).

Source: https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/question-and-answers-hub/q-a-detail/coronavirus-disease-covid-19

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

A specific description of the situation and course of action at a moment in time for each element of the situation. Note: the description conveys both reality and perceived reality.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

Change in physiologic status or in the occurrence of a disease, chronic condition, or type of injury that conforms to a regular seasonal pattern.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

State of being free from danger or threat (3.259).

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.223

Citation: ISO 22300:2018(en)
Security and resilience — Vocabulary.

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

The act of quarantining oneself to prevent infection of oneself or others, either voluntarily or to comply with relevant regulations or guidance.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Web of data with meaning.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:19101:-1:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO 19101-1:2014(en)

Proposer: INTRA

Work package: 4

Ability of an in vitro diagnostic examination procedure to identify the presence of a target marker associated with a specific disease or condition or impurity.

Source: https://www.iso.org/standard/67022.html

Citation: ISO 17822-2:2020

Proposer: EV-ILVO

Work package: 6

A non-associative learning process in which repeated administration of a stimulus results in the progressive amplification of a response. Sensitization often is characterized by an enhancement of response to a whole class of stimuli in addition to the one that is repeated.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

A clearly defined subset of a module. Modules are essentially a set of services organised to provide the envisioned functionality.

Source: ISO/IEC 18384-2017

Work package: 3

Significance level, α Given value, which is the upper limit of the probability of a statistical hypothesis being rejected when this hypothesis is true.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:12491:ed-1:v1:en:term:3.31

Citation: ISO 12491:1997(en), 3.31

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

1) The execution of a model over time.

2) An imitation of the conditions of the conditions of reality.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications-data/handbook-simulation-exercises-eu-public-health-settings

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Hanbook on simulation excersises in EU public health settings.

Proposer: Marilly Psomiadi (MoHGR)

Work package: 5

The place where a clinical trial or study is conducted, which must meet criteria set forth by regulatory agencies.

Source: https://medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/trial+site#:~:text=The%20place%20where%20a%20clinical,set%20forth%20by%20regulatory%20agencies

Citation: Medical dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

Βody-borne computational and sensory devices which can sense the person who wears them and/or their environment. Wearables can communicate either directly through embedded wireless connectivity or throughanother device (e.g. a smartphone). The data collected by the wearable device about the user or its environment is processed in a processing unit located locally or in an external server, and the results are ultimately provided to the wearer. Smart wearables may have control, communication, storage and actuation capabilities.

Source: http://ec.europa.eu/newsroom/document.cfm?doc_id=40542

Citation: “Smart Wearables: Reflection and Orientation Paper”, European Commision, Brussels, 2016

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

A social bot is a computer algorithm that automatically produces content and interacts with humans on social media, trying to emulate and possibly alter their behavior.

Source: https://cacm.acm.org/magazines/2016/7/204021-the-rise-of-social-bots/fulltext

Work package: 5

In public health, social distancing, also called physical distancing is a set of non-pharmaceutical interventions or measures intended to prevent the spread of a contagious disease by maintaining a physical distance between people and reducing the number of times people come into close contact with each other.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Indicators to measure the effectivness of your communication strategy that can be used to help focus and improve your communication efforts such as presence, influence, reach, interactivity.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/healthcommunication/ToolsTemplates/SocialMediaToolkit_BM.pdf

Work package: 5

The process of identifying and assessing what is being said about a company, person, product or brand on social media.

Source: https://www.btb.termiumplus.gc.ca/publications/media-soc-eng.html

Work package: 5

The abilities of social entities to tolerate, absorb, cope with and adjust to environmental and social threats of various kinds and to rebuild their internal ties.

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 8

The importance of the information that a study is likely to produce. Information can be important because of its direct relevance for understanding or intervening on a significant health problem or because of its expected contribution to research likely to promote individual or public health.

Source: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27923072/

Citation: WHO

Proposer:  TRI

Work package: 6

the ability or a test, case definition, or surveillance system to exclude persons without the health condition of interest; the proportion of persons without a health condition that are correctly identified as such by a screening test, case definition, or surveillance system.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Definition 1: person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by a decision or activity
Note 1 to entry: The term “interested party” can be used as an alternative to “stakeholder”.

Definition 2: person or organization that can affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision or activity

Definition 3: individual or organization having a right, share, claim or interest in a system or in its possession of characteristics that meet their needs and expectations

Definition 4: individual or organization having a right, share, claim, or interest in a system or in its possession of characteristics that meet their needs and expectations
[SOURCE: ISO/IEC/IEEE 15288:2015, 4.1.44, modified — The example and note to entry have been deleted.]

Source:

Definition 1: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:31000:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.3

Definition 2: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:30400:ed-1:v1:en:term:5.6

Definition 3: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec:25010:ed-1:v1:en.term:4.3.15

Definition 4: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso-iec-ieee:26515:ed-2:v1:en

Citation:

Definition 1: ISO 31000:2018 (en) Risk management — Guidelines

Definition 2: ISO 30400:2016 (en) Human resource management — Vocabulary

Definition 3: ISO/IEC 25010:2011(en) – Systems and software engineering — Systems and software Quality Requirements and Evaluation (SQuaRE) — System and software quality models

Definition 4: ISO/ICE/IEEE 26515::2018(en)

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

A model in which the results are determined by using one or more random variables to represent uncertainty about a process or in which a given input will produce an output according to some statistical distribution [synonym: probabilistic model].

Source: https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/ieeeshutpages/xplore/xplore-shut-page.html

Citation: 610.3-1989 – IEEE Standard Glossary of Modeling and Simulation Terminology

Work package: 5

A careful plan or method : a clever stratagem

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/strategy

Citation: Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Surgical masks are what we are used to see in clinical settings. Its aim is to prevent healthcare personnel and infected (or suspected of be) transmit infectious agents.
These masks are designed to filter exhaled air. Your mission is to protect those around you, avoiding viral spread when sneezing, coughing or talking.
They must have a mechanism that allows the wearer to wrap it tightly over the nose, mouth and chin.

Source: https://www.mscbs.gob.es/en/profesionales/saludPublica/ccayes/alertasActual/nCov/documentos/030520_GUIA_COMPRA_MASCARILLAS.pdf

Citation: Spanish Consumer Affairs

Proposer: PLV

Work package: 2

Anyone who meets the clinical criteria.

Source: https://www.conprueba.es/sites/default/files/informes/2020-05/glosario-terminos-epidemiologicos.pdf

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Any indication of disease noticed or felt by a patient.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Person(s) you want to reach with your communication through web and social media

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/healthcommunication/ToolsTemplates/SocialMediaToolkit_BM.pdf

Work package: 5

Unique and particular type of exercise (3.83), which incorporates an expectation of a pass or fail element within the aim or objectives (3.153) of the exercise being planned

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:22300:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.257

Citation: ISO 22300:2018(en)
Security and resilience — Vocabulary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

The subset of the dataset that you use to test your model after the model has gone through initial vetting by the validation set.

Source: https://developers.google.com/machine-learning/glossary

Work package: 5

Sequence of values sampled at successive points in time

Citation: ISO/IEC 19794-7:2007(en), 4.11

Work package: 5

The set of individual services that are developed in STAMINA. If we enumerate all STAMINA modules we have the STAMINA toolset.

Citation: STAMINA DOA

Work package: 3

The subset of the dataset used to train a model.

Source: https://developers.google.com/machine-learning/glossary

Work package: 5

The process of determining the ideal parameters comprising a model.

Source: https://developers.google.com/machine-learning/glossary

Work package: 5

Any mode or mechanism by which an infectious agent is spread to a susceptible host.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

Trial Integration Meeting (TIM) is a formal design meeting of Trial Committee, Solution provider(s) and CM practitioners to detail out – based on the selected solution(s) the Trial objective, the gap to bridge and the scenario’s concept – how the Tril will be executed and what is needed to make this happen.

Source: https://tgm.ercis.org/glossary?tx_dpnglossary_glossary%5Baction%5D=show&tx_dpnglossary_glossary%5Bcontroller%5D=Term&tx_dpnglossary_glossary%5Bterm%5D=71&cHash=d6932d220c6fb8c604495a03815bb879

Citation: DRIVER+ definition

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 2

limtations because of the the evolving nature of knowledge that make it impossible to foresee effects and implications of situations and decisions with certitude.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7124108/

Proposer: TRI

Work package: 6

View of the real or hypothetical world that includes everything of interest.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:19101:-1:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO 19101-1:2014(en)

Proposer: INTRA

Work package: 4

“Use cases are a means to define requirements for a system in terms of the primary users that interact with the system and the scenarios or activities that are performed by the system in response to stimuli from the actors or from other system entities”

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:tr:25102:ed-1:v1:en

Citation: ISO/TR 25102:2008(en)
Intelligent transport systems — System architecture — ‘Use Case’

Proposer: Charon van der Ham (CPLAN)

Work package: 2

A Twitter update that contains @username anywhere in the body of the Tweet.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/socialmedia/tools/guidelines/guideforwriting.html

Citation: CDC

Work package: 5

Adopt note 1 as the STAMINA definition.

Proposer: Charon van der Ham (CPLAN)

Work package: 2

The process of determining the degree to which a model or simulation and its associated data is an accurate representation of the real-world from the perspective of the intended uses of the model or simulation.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

A subset of the dataset—disjoint from the training set—used in validation.

Source: https://developers.google.com/machine-learning/glossary

Work package: 5

A process used, as part of training, to evaluate the quality of a machine learning model using the validation set. Because the validation set is disjoint from the training set, validation helps ensure that the model’s performance generalizes beyond the training set.

Source: https://developers.google.com/machine-learning/glossary

Work package: 5

One or more data elements that are referred to together by a single name or description.

Source: https://www.iso.org/obp/ui/#iso:std:iso:9506:-1:ed-2:v1:en:term:3.4.38

Citation: ISO 9506-1:2003(en), 3.4.38

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 4

a living intermediary that carries an agent from a reservoir to a susceptible host.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Citation: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5

The process of determining that a model or simulation implementation and its associated data accurately represent the developer’s conceptual description and specifications.

Source: https://www.sto.nato.int/publications/Management%20Reports/AMSP-02-MSGlossaryofTerms.pdf

Citation: AMSP-02 NATO MODELLING AND SIMULATION GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Work package: 5

The proportion of persons with clinical disease, who after becoming infected, become severely ill or die.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/reproductivehealth/data_stats/glossary.html

Citation: CDC/Epidemiology Glossary

Proposer: Haris Moschopoulos (NKUA)

Work package: 8

Any of a large group of submicroscopic infectious agents that are usually regarded as nonliving extremely complex molecules, that typically contain a protein coat surrounding an RNA or DNA core of genetic material but no semipermeable membrane, that are capable of growth and multiplication only in living cells, and that cause various important diseases in humans, animals, and plants

Source: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/virus

Citation: Merriam-Webster dictionary

Proposer: IVN-Ro

Work package: 6

Clinical measurements, specifically pulse rate, temperature, respiration rate, and blood pressure that indicate the state of a patient’s essential body functions.

Source: https://www.iprocuresecurity.eu/knowledge/glossary?letter=V

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

Collection of the concepts and relationships (also referred to as “terms”) used to describe and represent an area of concern.

Source: https://www.w3.org/standards/semanticweb/ontology#summary

Citation: W3C

Proposer: INTRA

Work package: 4

Conditions determined by physical, social, economic, environmental factors or processes which increase susceptibility of individuals, a community, asset or systems to the impacts of hazards.

Source: https://www.undrr.org/terminology/vulnerability

Proposer: JOAFG

Work package: 8

A person who may be in need of community care services by reason of mental illness, disability, age, illness or emotional disturbance and who is or may be unable to take care of himself or herself or unable to protect himself or herself against significant harm or serious exploitation.

Source: Initial STAMINA definition

Proposer: CRE/TECSOS

Work package: 8

Web crawling is the process by which we gather pages from the Web, in order to index them and support a search engine.

Source: https://nlp.stanford.edu/IR-book/html/htmledition/overview-1.html

Citation: NLP Standford

Work package: 5

West Nile Virus (WNV) is a member of the flavivirus genus and belongs to the Japanese encephalitis antigenic complex of the family Flaviviridae. It can cause neurological disease and death in people. WNV is maintained in nature in a cycle involving transmission between birds, which are the natural hosts, and mosquitoes.

Source: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/west-nile-virus

Citation: WHO (World Health Organization)

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

Whole genome sequencing is ostensibly the process of determining the complete DNA sequence of an organism’s genome at a single time. This entails sequencing all of an organism’s chromosomal DNA as well as DNA contained in the mitochondria and, for plants, in the chloroplast. In practice, genome sequences that are nearly complete are also called whole genome sequences.
Whole genome sequencing has largely been used as a research tool, but was being introduced to clinics in 2014. In the future of personalized medicine, whole genome sequence data may be an important tool to guide therapeutic intervention

Source: Citation: Alberts, Bruce; Johnson, Alexander; Lewis, Julian; Raff, Martin; Roberts, Keith; Walter, Peter (2008). “Chapter 8”. Molecular biology of the cell (5th ed.). New York: Garland Science. p. 550. ISBN 978-0-8153-4106-2. van El, CG; Cornel, MC; Borry, P; Hastings, RJ; Fellmann, F; Hodgson, SV; Howard, HC; Cambon-Thomsen, A; Knoppers, BM; Meijers-Heijboer, H; Scheffer, H; Tranebjaerg, L; Dondorp, W; de Wert, GM (June 2013). “Whole-genome sequencing in health care. Recommendations of the European Society of Human Genetics”. European Journal of Human Genetics. 21 Suppl 1: S1–5.

Proposer: BioCos – WP6 Bio-Partners

Work package: 6

An infectious disease that is transmissible from animals to humans.

Source: https://www.cdc.gov/csels/dsepd/ss1978/glossary.html

Proposer: Principles of Epidemiology in Public Health Practice – CDC

Work package: 5